Between islands and mangroves, coastline and Atlantic Forest, São Francisco do Conde enchants for its natural exuberance.
Two embarkation points serve as the starting point for any nautical itinerary on boat trips that reveal the region's charms: the pier, on the urban edge, and Santo Estevão, a fishing village 32 kilometers from the city center.
Take the opportunity to discover the municipality's islands – Cajaíba, Fontes, Pati – and descend to the mouth of the Rio Sergi or the Rio Subaé, enjoying the beautiful scenery sculpted by nature.
The folklore shows go back to the customs of yesteryear and keep the traditional regional culture alive.
The cuisine, with emphasis on the fish roasted in banana leaves, the corn flour and tapioca porridge, preserves the typical preparation of the Tupinambás and the Caetés Negros, the first inhabitants of the region.
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Discover the city of São Francisco do Conde
Discover the history of this place, which has a lot of influence from the colonial era, discover its tourist and historical points.
In 1618, by order of the Count of Linhares, a convent and a church were built on top of a hill, in the Recôncavo Baiano, where, later, the city of São Francisco do Conde would appear in 1698.
The name pays homage to the city's patron saint and Count Fernão Rodrigues, who inherited the land from the 3rd governor-general of Brazil, Mem de Sá.
The region where the city is located was conquered by the Portuguese empire through wars waged against the Indians who lived on the banks of the Paraguaçu and Jaguaribe rivers.
São Francisco do Conde, the third municipality in the Recôncavo, guards a great patrimony of Colonial Brazil.
The city is rich in houses, churches and mills, built during the Portuguese administration in the country. The imposing architecture is an invitation to take a tour of the XNUMXth century, remembering and keeping alive an important part of the history of Brazil.
The municipality is located in an area in which Atlantic Forest reserves and very rich mangroves are still preserved, contributing to the region's biodiversity.
In the past, the city's wealth was based on sugar cane plantations that initiated the economic development of the area.
Today, the extraction, refining and processing of oil are the main economic activities in the region.
São Francisco do Conde maintains the atmosphere of an inland city, with its baroque architecture, tranquility and its canoe port for fishermen.
The city is also developing and has a beautiful, urbanized and modern seafront, bringing a passionate visual contrast.
The diversity of ethnic groups that helped build São Francisco do Conde culturally is present in the city's daily life.
Imperial palm trees, a symbol of Portuguese administration, are everywhere, colonial buildings are majestic and preserve the region's memory. The Tupinambás and Caetés Negros left behind, among other things, a rich gastronomy.
The cornmeal porridge, tapioca and the preparation of fish baked in banana leaves are examples of this heritage.
The fishing skills and technique of the women shellfish gatherers also emerged with the first inhabitants of the region. São Francisco do Conde has a very rich history that is intertwined with the history of Brazil.
The city is unique and manages to bring together history, culture and the typical tranquility of the Recôncavo Baiano in one place.
São Francisco do Conde, third municipality in the Recôncavo Baiano, guards a great patrimony of Colonial Brazil. The city is rich in houses, churches and mills, built during the Portuguese administration in the country.
The imposing architecture is an invitation to take a tour of the XNUMXth century, remembering and keeping alive an important part of the history of Brazil.
Learn more about the main tourist and historical points of the charming city of São Francisco do Conde.
House of Chamber and Jail (City Hall Building)
Casa da Câmara, located in Praça Independência, in the lower part of the city, is currently the building of the City Hall and the City Council. From the “pier” that is located there, you can see the Island of Cajaíba and part of the Baía de Todos os Santos.
The house was financed with white gold tithes from all over the Recôncavo and was built between 1693 and 1750.
At the time, the Portuguese government wanted the Casa da Câmara to represent a historic monument to the reconquest of the Northeast from the hands of the Dutch and, at the same time, to become a symbol of Brazilian national unity.
Previously, the ground floor of the building served as a jail and guard housing, while the upper floor housed the Senate of the Chamber and the Intendência (city administration).
The building retains the original carpentry and upholstery, and the railings on the balconies on the main façade are still the same as they were from the XNUMXth century.
The place brings a harmonious combination between the colonial architecture of past centuries and the modernity that is expressed through the painting, its surroundings and the administration.
Convent of Santo Antônio
Heritage listed by IPAC.
The Santo Antônio convent, inaugurated in 1936, was born from the demand of the residents of the future “Villa de São Francisco” who requested the construction of a Franciscan convent.
The monument, which comprises the Church, Convent and the Third Order, is located at Praça Arthur Sales, integrating the Historic Center of the City and is a heritage listed by IPAC.
The place has a valuable artistic collection that includes sacred pieces, tiles, furniture, etc. In front of the complex, there are imperial palm trees, placed parallel to the facade of the convent, preserving the memory and Portuguese colonial heritage.
At the bottom of the monument, a slope covered with tropical vegetation drops abruptly over the bay.
Several interventions and restorations have already been carried out in the complex, recovering glass, hardware, paintings, roofs and contributing to the maintenance of history
live in São Francisco do Conde. According to art historians, the convent cloister (open archway that surrounds the courtyard) is one of the most beautiful in Brazil.
In addition, there is a library that holds unpublished documents.
School of São Bento das Lajes
One of the best neoclassical examples from Bahia.
The São Bento das Lajes School was the first Agronomy school in Latin America, founded by D. Pedro II in 1859.
The place served as a resting place for the Benedictine monks (who live according to the order of São Bento) and has a series of special characteristics, such as its location and magnificence, marked by 366 windows.
Currently in ruins, the restoration of the Agricultural School is one of the great aspirations of the Sanfranciscan people.
From the monument you can see an extensive mangrove region and the building is under an elevation of the Subaé river. In front of him, there are still the pier and some buildings.
In the past, the school had a library, a Natural History museum, science offices and laboratories. The building is one of the best neoclassical examples (return to the classical style – Greece and Rome) of Bahia.
Main Church of São Gonçalo
The church of the patron saint of the municipality.
Igreja de São Gonçalo, patron saint of São Francisco do Conde, has its festival every January 28th. The church is one of the most beautiful temples of Baroque art in the Recôncavo. At the
its interior is one of the great contributions of luso-brazilian culture to baroque: the seven tribunes in the nave (space, in the church, from the entrance to the sanctuary), in baroque, were built in the second half of the XNUMXth century.
The church is part of the city's Historic Center and is located in front of Barão de São Francisco square. It is situated on a hill 20 meters high and
has its main façade facing the Baia de Todos os Santos. Its architect was certainly a Franciscan, as its portal (entrance door) presents details
typical of this architectural heritage, such as the cushioned pilasters, for example.
Church of Our Lady of the Mount
Located on the highest mountain in the region. Nossa Senhora do Monte Church is located on the highest hill in the region and can be seen from afar.
However, it is up close that we can marvel at its dimensions and the beautiful panorama.
The view is one of the most appreciated in the Recôncavo Bahia region, offering visitors a glimpse of a landscape that enchants and enchants.
The monument is located at the end and highest point of a spike (mountain peak) that is over the waters of the Baía de Todos os Santos.
Access is via a detour from the road that leads from Candeias to São Francisco do Conde.
Judging by its plan, sacristy windows and treatment given to the three side doors, it is a transitional building from the XNUMXth century to the next, although completed or renovated in the mid-XNUMXth century.
The island's ingenuity helped in the economic development of the city.
Ilha de Cajaíba is located in a protected area on the north coast of Brazil, bathed by the warm waters of the South Atlantic.
One of its first owners was the Governor General of Brasil Mem de Sá.
In addition to the natural beauties, including a private beach on the back coast, the island is a stronghold of National History, taking visitors to the heydays of the sugar nobility.
Engenho Cajaíba was one of the most prosperous in the Recôncavo and greatly contributed to the economic development of São Francisco do Conde.
Economic and industrial origin of the territory of São Francisco do Conde
The economic and industrial origin of the territory of São Francisco do Conde began with the creation of sugar cane mills, the first and main Brazilian economic activity, a period in which Brazil, as a colony, presented itself as the most profitable from Portugal, exporting its production to Europe.
In this context, our municipality emerged in the captaincy and land grants policy, among which emerged the States of Bahia, São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Pará and others.
“Of the land grants, many municipalities. The old towns were transformed into villages, in cities with municipalities”.
From Mem de Sá's allotment, it was transformed into “São Francisco do Sítio”, the fundamental nucleus of the future formation of the municipality of São Francisco do Conde, due to its location in lands of the Count of Linhares, Fernando de Noronha.
In the economic and industrial part, the old Vila de São Francisco was overtaken by sugarcane farming.
It owned more than fifty large plantations served by machines, whose names were: Engenho da Vila (Fazenda de São José dos Palmares); Cajaíba, Dom João, transformed into a power plant; Vanique, founded by a Dutch emigrant, Baltazar Vanique; Marapé, Macaco das Pedras, Gurgainha, where the River Joanes is born; São Lourenço, also changed into a mill, Bananeiras, Colonia, today the Santa Elisa mill; Itatingui, Guaiba, d'Agua, Monte, Paramirim, Novo, Quicengue.
According to Gilberto Freyre in his book “Nordeste”, he describes the predominant type of soil in the reconcavo and its characteristics that most favored the cultivation of sugar monoculture.
Massapê has another resistance and another nobility. It has depth.
It is sweet land without ceasing to be solid land: enough to build ingenuity, house and chapel with solidity. In these patches of sticky earth it was possible to found the modern civilization that was full of qualities, permanence and at the same time plasticity that was already founded in the tropics (Gilberto Freyre).
History and Tourism of São Francisco do Conde BA