In Chapada Diamantina there are 359 species of birds, according to data published in 1999. Among them are endemic species from different Brazilian biomes and 21 threatened with extinction.
The Chapada Diamantina is known for its beautiful natural landscapes and when it comes to birds, the chapada is home to very special species that are only found here.
The Chapada Diamantina is a region of mountains located right in the heart of the state of Bahia.
In the lower part of the Chapada Diamantina, you will find the Caatinga, on the slopes, a vegetation similar to the Atlantic Forest. And at the top, the Cerrado.
In the same region of Chapada Diamantina, you can see bird species from three different biomes:
- In the lower part is the Caatinga,
- On the slopes is vegetation similar to the Atlantic Forest.
- At the top is the Cerrado.
One of the few places in Brazil where this is possible.
No wonder almost 400 species of birds occur in the region.
Some of the birds found in Chapada Diamantina
1. Gravatinha or Red Tie Hummingbird
Gravatinha which is one of the most special birds of Chapada Diamantina. which is also known by the name of Red Tie Hummingbird. It is simply one of the most sought after birds by birdwatchers visiting Chapada Diamantina.
Gravatinha is an endemic bird, it occurs only in the Bahian portion of the Espinhaço chain, the Chapada Diamantina. Recent records of the species in the Boqueirão da Onça region, in the municipality of Sento Sé-BA, represented an expansion of the species’ distribution.
.One of the most awaited moments of the Red Tie is when the hummingbird lights up the colours of its plumage, an optical phenomenon that occurs when the bird changes the position of its feathers which, combined with the incidence of light, displays bright colours that combined with the incidence of light, displays bright colours that seemed even hidden.
Gravatinha is a genuinely Bahian hummingbird, endemic to the state, found only in the altitude fields of the Bahian part of the Serra do Espinhaço, Chapada Diamantina being the best place to observe it. And charming, and with such a restricted distribution, it is easy to understand why it is so desired by birdwatchers visiting the region. easy to understand why it is so desired by birdwatchers visiting the region.
2. Rabo-Mole-Da-Serra or Canary Rabudo
Rabo-Mole-Da-Serra-also-known-as-Canario-RabudoRabo-Mole-Da-Serra also known as Canário Rabudo, a little bird of the family also known as canário rabudo, a little bird of the sandpiper family that only lives in the altitude fields of Bahia and Minas Gerais, he has a powerful and striking call.
Rabo-Mole-Da-Serra or Canário Rabudo, its call is quite striking. The common song during the mornings and late afternoons is that of the Half-Moon-of-the-Cerrado bird, which lives hidden in the lower part of the vegetation.
3. Half-moon of the Cerrado
Cerrado Half-Moon is a Cerrado Moonbird, a cute little cetivorous bird typical of the cerrado that lives hidden in the brenha, in the low part of the vegetation and that sings a lot in the morning and late afternoon.
4. Brown Hummingbird
Brown Hummingbird is one of the most sought after species, which has a curious and disjunct distribution area, found only in the mountains of Roraima and here in the region of Chapada Diamantina and mountains of Roraima.
The truth is that up to 20 species of hummingbirds can be found in the region.
5. Prince Tangara
In addition to hummingbirds, birds such as the Northeast Chupadente, São Francisco Tico-tico, Chapada Diamantina Tapaculo and the Prince Tangará are among the main gems sought by birdwatchers visiting Chapada Diamantina.
Taking the trails of Chapada Diamantina is already worth the trip, but including bird watching and a visit here is an even more fascinating experience. Besides spotting rarities like the gravatinha, there’s always an interesting bird hopping or singing along your walk. along your walk.
6. Sincorá Antbird
In the shrubby vegetation we have the Sincorá Ant-Eater. Despite the almost identical appearance to other Ants’ Feathers of the same genus, this genus, this species in question is endemic to Bahia, found only in the mountains here in the region.
In the shrubby vegetation we have the Sincorá Ants’ Feather.
7. Grey-backed Flycatcher
Who also likes the rupestrian fields of Chapada Diamantina is the little Grey-backed Flycatcher. And when I say small, the animal is really small, it is only 9 centimetres long and weighs 6 grams. It is comparable in size and weight to a gravatar.
The Grey-Backed Flycatcher is comparable in size and weight to the Pussycat.
8. White-bellied Arachnid
9. Cerrado half-moon
10. Little soldier
Endemic species of Brazil. In Chapada Diamantina it is known as “gruneiro”, a reference to the “gruna”, a kind of cave created for diamond extraction, where it was often found by the pioneers who arrived there attracted by the precious stone. It is threatened with extinction due to its very restricted geographical distribution (with records in only seven locations) and the destruction of natural vegetation for the establishment of coffee and banana plantations, firewood collection for domestic and industrial use and also by unregulated tourism.
The Chapada Diamantina is simply a paradise! And the birds that live here really are very special.
Chapada Diamantina Tourism Guide