Rei Momo, Pierrô, Arlequim and Columbina are the most well-known and traditional characters of Carnival and are present at parties and marches. The multicolored costumes of these figures gave rise to the costumes used in carnival balls and are some of the ingredients of the joy of this popular festival. MOMO King Momo is […]
Culture, History and Religion in Salvador, Bahia and Northeast
Bahia, Salvador and Nordeste have a very diverse culture, history and religion and architecture within Brazil and have the most typical popular cultural manifestations, as well as music.
Northeastern culture is quite diverse, as it was influenced by indigenous peoples, Africans and Europeans. Customs and traditions often vary from state to state.
Since the northeast was the first region effectively colonized by the Portuguese, still in the XNUMXth century, who found the native populations there and were accompanied by Africans brought as slaves, the northeastern culture is quite particular and typical, although extremely varied.
Its base is Luso-Brazilian, with great African influences, especially on the coast from Pernambuco to Bahia and Maranhão, and Amerindians, especially in the semi-arid backlands
The cultural wealth of the northeast region is visible beyond its folkloric and popular manifestations.
Northeastern literature has made a great contribution to the Brazilian literary scene, highlighting names such as João Cabral de Melo Neto, José de Alencar, Jorge Amado, Nelson Rodrigues, Rachel de Queiroz, Gregório de Matos, Clarice Lispector, Graciliano Ramos, Ferreira Gullar and Manuel Bandeira, among many others.
Northeastern Literature and Music
In northeastern literature, one can cite popular cordel literature dating back to the colonial period (cordel literature came with the Portuguese and has its origins in the European Middle Ages) and numerous artistic manifestations of a popular nature that are manifested orally, such as the sudden and embolada singers.
Afoxé Filhos de Gandhy, in Salvador, Bahia.
In classical music, Alberto Nepomuceno and Paurillo Barroso stood out as composers, as well as Liduíno Pitombeira from Ceará today, and Eleazar de Carvalho as conductor.
Northeastern rhythms, music and melodies have also inspired composers such as Heitor Villa-Lobos (whose Bachiana Brasileira nº 5, for example, in its second part – Dança do Martelo – alludes to the Sertão do Cariri).
In the popular music of the northeast, rhythms such as coco, xaxado, hammer agalopado, samba de roda, baião, xote, forró, axé and frevo, among other rhythms, stand out.
The armorial movement of Recife, inspired by Ariano Suassuna, did an erudite work of valuing this popular Northeastern rhythmic heritage (one of its best-known exponents is the singer Antônio Nóbrega).
In the northeastern dance, maracatu, practiced in several parts of the Northeast, the frevo (characteristic of Pernambuco) the bumba-meu-boi, the xaxado, several variants of forró, the tambourine (characteristic of Maranhão) stand out. ), etc.
Folk music is almost always accompanied by dancing.
Handicrafts in the Northeast are also an important part of the cultural production of the Northeast, including the livelihoods of thousands of people throughout the region.
Due to the regional variety of handicraft traditions, it is difficult to characterize them all, but the hammocks woven and sometimes embroidered in great detail stand out; products made from clay, wood (for example, from carnauba, a tree typical of the sertão) and leather, with very particular traits; in addition to lace, which gained prominence in Ceará handicrafts.
Another highlight are the bottles with images made by hand in colored sand, an item produced for sale to tourists. In Maranhão, handicrafts made from buriti fiber (palm tree) stand out, as well as handicrafts and products from babaçu (palm tree native to Maranhão).
Caboclinho spear from Maracatu Rural. The caboclo de lance is one of the symbols of Pernambuco culture.
Northeastern cuisine is varied, often reflecting the economic and productive conditions of the region's diverse geoeconomic landscapes.
Seafood and fish are widely used in coastal cuisine, while in the hinterland, recipes that use meat and derivatives of cattle, goats and sheep predominate. Even so, there are several regional differences, both in the variety of dishes and in the way they are prepared (for example, in Ceará, mucunzá – also called macunzá or mucunzá – salty predominates, while in Pernambuco, sweet predominates).
In Bahia, the main highlights are foods made with palm oil and shrimp, such as moquecas, vatapá, acarajé and bobós; however, foods accompanied by mush, such as mocotó and oxtail, and sweets such as cocada, are no less appreciated.
In Maranhão, there are cuxá, cuxá rice, bobó, stone fish and shrimp pie, in the Maranhão style.
Also in Maranhão, the soda Jesus or Guaraná Jesus stands out, which is part of Maranhão's heritage.
The bolo-de-rolo is an intangible heritage of Pernambuco. Some typical foods of the region are: baião-de-dois, carne-de-sol, coalho cheese, vatapá, acarajé, chapada and buchada, hominy, beans and coconut rice, beans verde and sururu, as well as various sweets made from papaya, pumpkin, orange, etc. Some regional fruits – not necessarily native to the region – are ciriguela, cajá, buriti, cajarana, umbu, macaúba, fruits from Maranhão, juçara, bacuri, cupuaçu, buriti, murici and pitomba, in addition to others that are also common. in other regions.
Culture, History and Religion in Salvador, Bahia and Northeast
History and Chronology of the Carnival of Salvador da Bahia
There are several versions about the origin of the word Carnival. In the Milanese dialect, Carnevale means “the time in which the use of meat is removed”, since Carnival is exactly the night before Ash Wednesday. In Brazil, the event is the biggest manifestation of popular culture, […]
History of the Fortresses and Defenses of Salvador da Bahia
Nothing is more important in Salvador's memory than the historic buildings, including its forts, fortresses and defenses. Among them are the fortifications, which have become mandatory in images on postcards, in tourist advertisements and in other documents about the city. According to the English military and historian […]
The 7 Northeastern rhythms and musical styles that are successful in Brazil
The northeast region is very rich in rhythms and musical styles. As it is a place with very diverse customs among the northeastern states, several rhythms and musical styles were created and adopted so that no one was left standing! That the Northeast is a region very rich in culture is not disputed. […]
Rural Maracatu at the Carnival of Nazaré da Mata in Pernambuco
Maracatu is a manifestation of Brazilian folklore that involves dance and music. Its origin dates back to Colonial Brazil and consists of a mixture of African, Portuguese and indigenous cultures. It is therefore a genuinely Brazilian expression and was created in the state of Pernambuco, being present, above all, in cities […]
The Dutch invasion of Salvador in 1624
The first attempted Dutch invasion of Salvador took place in December 1599, when Admiral van Leynssen sent seven ships to Brazil, commanded by Captains Hartman and Broer. At the beginning of the 17th century, Salvador was one of the most important cities in America, the capital of Brazil, a Portuguese-controlled state […]