Composers and Biographies

Biography, rhythms and music by composers from Bahia and Northeastern Brazil such as Gilberto Gil, Ivete Sangalo, Dorival Caymmi, Caetano Veloso, Daniela Mercury and Maria Bethania.

Various genres of songwriters and singers have emerged in the Northeast over the years.

Biography, Rhythms and Music of Northeastern Composers

One of the most important composers in the northeast was the Pernambuco native Luiz Gonzaga was the precursor of the baião, a rhythm that, along with others such as xote, xaxado and coco, are part of the so-called forró.

Several artists continued Luiz Gonzaga's legacy, such as Dominguinhos, Sivuca, Jackson do Pandeiro and Waldonys.

Frevo, more common in the states of Pernambuco and Paraíba, is characterized by its fast pace and steps reminiscent of capoeira.

This genre has already revealed great musicians such as Alceu Valença, Elba Ramalho and Geraldo Azevedo. These three, alongside Zé Ramalho, mixed frevo, forró, rock, blues and other rhythms.

The quartet usually performs under the name of O Grande Encontro.

In the 60s, tropicalism emerged in Bahia, inspired by the anthropophagic movement and which would become a landmark in Brazil. Artists and other composers such as Tom Zé, Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil, among others, were part of this group.

Bahia returned to be the cradle of another musical genre in the 80s, with the creation of axé music, having as precursors Luiz Caldas, Chiclete com Banana, Daniela Mercury, Timbalada and Olodum.

The genre revolutionized Bahian carnival, since frevo, a Pernambuco rhythm, was used in the Salvador party until then.

Currently, the Bahia music industry is the one that generates the most stars in Brazil and already has a "constellation" with national and international notoriety, such as Ivete Sangalo, who is considered the most popular singer in Brazil today and sales leader in the national phonographic industry , has the ability to drag a legion of fans wherever it goes, including in international lands. An example of this was Rock in Rio Lisboa in 2004, where the singer broke the attendance record.

Singer and songwriter Ivete Sangalo owns Caco de Telha, an entertainment company that holds the title of largest company in the sector in the North-Northeast and among the five largest on the national scene.

Caco de Telha has already brought major events to Brazil such as the I am… tour by pop singer Beyoncé, The End tour by the Balck Eyed Peas musical group, The Grand Moscow Classical Ballet show and Cirque du Soleil performances in Brazil.

It has already provided the state of Bahia, in addition to these events with international artists, great shows with national artists such as the Roberto Carlos 50 Years of Music tour.

Through the shard of Telha, Ivete Sangalo was the star of a mega-production at Madison Square Garden, the temple of modern international music.

In Bahia, João Gilberto was born, considered among all other composers and precursors of Bossa Nova: Tom Jobim, Vinicius de Moraes and Luiz Bonfá Bossa Nova, the best known Brazilian rhythm in the world. João Gilberto is considered among the precursors of Bossa Nova the main creator of the rhythm.

In the 80s, Pernambuco was the first major reference of Punk/Hardcore music in the region and the main name is the band Câmbio Negro HC, being also the pioneer in the style and the first to produce the first records of the genre in the region, in addition to being a great reference of the country's undergroud music.

In the 90s, the Mangue beat was born in Pernambuco, a rhythm that brought together rock, hip hop, maracatu and electronic music.

Chico Science and Nação Zumbi are the main names of the genre.

The suddenness is quite widespread in the interior, with the highlight being Cego Aderaldo. The Banda Cabaçal dos Irmãos Aniceto, a band of fifes from Ceará, has international fame.

In Ceará, Fagner, Belchior and Ednardo, icons of MPB, stand out.

It was also in the Northeast that brega was born, whose main composers and representatives are Reginaldo Rossi from Pernambuco and Waldick Soriano from Bahia.

Maranhão has a great diversity of rhythms, such as: Tambor de Crioula, Tambor de Mina, Tambor de Taboca, Tambor de Caroço, the four accents of bumba-meu-boi, in addition to being one of the main Brazilian strongholds of reggae. Tribo de Jah, one of the main bands of the genre, emerged in the state.

Other prominent composers and singers from Maranhão are: João do Vale; Claudio Fontana; Rita Ribeiro; Catulo da Paixão Cearense; Lairton of Keyboards; Zeca Baleiro (MPB), and Alcione (Samba).

The composer and singer Raul Seixas, born in Bahia, is considered the main name in rock in Brazil.

He joined the Jovem Guarda movement as a composer.

Currently, Pitty, also from Bahia, is very successful in rock.

In addition to the groups Cordel do Fogo Encantado and Pedro Luís e a Parede significantly marking contemporary Brazilian popular music.

Biography, rhythms and music of Bahian and Northeastern composers

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