The streets of Alcântara, just 22 kilometers from São Luís do Maranhão, lead tourists to a dive into history. In them alternate ruins and houses that document the heyday and decline of the city, whose birth dates back to the beginning of the XNUMXth century. In the following centuries, Alcântara grew thanks to […]
Alcântara in Maranhão has an architectural richness that alternates between ruins and houses that document the heyday and decline of the city, whose birth dates back to the beginning of the XNUMXth century.
Good for a day trip from São Luís do Maranhão, Alcântara was once one of the richest cities in Maranhão between the 18th and 19th centuries, but much of its historical heritage has been lost. Traces of the past can be seen in colonial houses covered with Portuguese tiles, in the ruins of the Palácio Negro slave market and in the city hall, where a public jail operated in the 18th century. In front of Praça do Pelourinho are the ruins of the Igreja Matriz de São Matias and the interesting Historical Museum, a fine example of period architecture.
Next to the church of Nossa Senhora do Carmo are the remains of two palaces built by rival aristocratic families to receive Emperor Dom Pedro II. A fortune was poured into the works of the Barons of Pindaré and Mearim, but the monarch never made it through Alcântara and they were later abandoned, symbolizing the city's decline. Part of this history of decadence is extraordinarily narrated in the work Noite Sobre Alcântara, by the immortal Josué Montello.
In addition to the tour of the churches and buildings in the Center, the tour is complemented by the beaches in the surroundings. They are nothing spectacular, but they balance the tour between culture and nature.