Biography of Luiz Gonzaga

Biography Luiz Gonzala
Biography of Luiz Gonzaga

Luiz Gonzaga (1912-1989) was a Brazilian musician. Accordion player, singer and composer, he received the title of “Rei do Baião”. He was responsible for valuing the northeastern rhythms, took the baião, o xote and xaxado, for the whole country.

The song “Asa Branca”, made in partnership with Humberto Teixeira, recorded by Luiz Gonzaga on March 3, 1947, became an anthem of the Brazilian northeast.

Luiz Gonzaga (1912-1989) was born on Fazenda Caiçara, in Exu, Pernambuco backlands, on December 13, 1912. Son of Januário José dos Santos, the master Januário, “8 bass accordion player” and Ana the Baptist of Jesus.

The couple had eight children. Luiz Gonzaga since he was a boy already played the accordion. At 13, with borrowed money, he buys his first accordion.

In 1929, because of a courtship, prohibited by the girl's family, Luiz Gonzaga fled to the city of Crato in Ceará. In 1930 he went to Fortaleza, where he joined the army. With the Revolution of 30 travels across the country.

In 1933, serving in Minas Gerais, he failed a competition as a musician for the army, and became the troop's bugler. He takes accordion lessons with soldier Domingos Ambrósio.

Luiz Gonzaga leaves the army after nine years without informing his family. He went to Rio de Janeiro and started performing in bars, cabarets and freshman shows. In 1940, he participated in the Calouros program on Rádio Tupi and won first place, with the song “Vira e Mexe”.

Playing as accordion player for the duo Genésio Arruda and Januário, he was discovered and taken by the RCA Vitor record label to record his first album.

Success was quick, several other albums were recorded, but only on April 11, 1945 he recorded his first album as an accordion player and singer, with the song “Dança Mariquinha”.

On September 23, his son Gonzaguinha is born, the result of his relationship with the singer Odaléia Guedes. That same year, he met his partner Humberto Teixeira.

After 16 years Luiz returns to his homeland. He goes to Recife and performs on several radio shows. In 1947 he recorded “Asa Branca”, made in partnership with Humberto Teixeira.

In 1948, he marries the singer Helena Cavalcanti. In 1949, he takes his family to live in Rio de Janeiro. The partnerships with Humberto Teixeira and Zédantas yielded many songs. Gonzaga and his group perform in various parts of the country.

In 1980, Luiz Gonzaga sings for Pope Paul II, in Fortaleza. Sings in Paris at the invitation of the Amazonian singer Nazaré Pereira. Receives the gold Nipper award and two gold records for the album “Sanfoneiro Macho”.

In 1988, he separated from Helena and assumed a relationship with Edelzita Rabelo.

Luiz Gonzaga was hospitalized in Recife, at Hospital Santa Joana, on June 21, 1989, and on August 2 he died.

In 2012, the 100th anniversary of Luiz Gonzaga's birth is celebrated. The film “De Pai Para Filho” is released, narrating the relationship between Gonzaga and Gonzaguinha. The artist receives several honors across the country.

Luiz Gonzaga's hits

White wing
Sertão moonlight
Cearense supplication
The Caruaru Fair
in my foothills
the sad departure
assume black
look to heaven
rock me
Macaw's Stick
Thin waist
damned good
Ship Creek
Girls Xote
In Ceará There is no such thing
in a plaster room
Respect Januário
Russian Pagoda
Last Macaw's Stick
the bellows roared
Ze Matuto
seventeen and seventeen
Mariquinha Dance
Baião de Dois
ABC of Sertão

Biography of Luiz Gonzaga o “Rei do Baião”. – Tourism and Travel Guide of Bahia, Salvador de Nordeste


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