Map of All Saints Bay from 1644
This rare map of Salvador and Baía de Todos os Santos is a representation of the Dutch attack and capture of the city of Salvador in May 1624.
Salvador, then the capital of Brazil, was a strategic port under Portuguese control. The Dutch, determined to take control of Brazil, formed the West India Company in 1621 and sent a large expedition to Brazil.
On May 8, 1624, the Dutch fleet under the command of Admiral Jacob Willekens and Vice Admiral Pieter Heyn arrived in Salvador and attacked the city.
The Dutch managed to capture the city, although the Portuguese regained control less than a year later. This map shows the city of Salvador and its fortifications, with Dutch ships advancing on the city. The remainder of the coastline is sparsely etched with a few small towns, churches and settlements.
The map is oriented with north to the left and features a nice strip chart that incorporates the distance scale. Published in De Laet's account of the history of the Dutch West India Company from its inception to 1636. “Baya de Todos os Sanctos” by Laet, Joannes
Map of Baia de Todos os Santos from 1644 – Historical Maps of Brazil