The Chapada Diamantina, a region in the heart of Bahia that has a national park that conserves 152,000 hectares with hundreds of waterfalls, archaeological sites and sumptuous geology.
The scenic beauty of the Chapada Diamantina National Park pleases natives and tourists alike, it is a territory that has a vast geological formation and an incredible biodiversity.
The richness of the biomes we have here is impressive. All this is combined with the architectural heritage of the cities, the stories, the adventures, the intangible riches, the many mysteries that surround our place.
It is clear to everyone the need to preserve this place, to draw the attention of everything and everyone about the greatness and ecological sanctuary that Chapada Diamantina is.
Due to the size of the region’s territory – there are dozens of municipalities, with almost 40,000 km² – and the great distances between the main natural attractions and the tourist cities.
Main cities and towns that make up the Chapada Diamantina region.
View the map of Chapada Diamantina National Park
1. Lençóis in Chapada Diamantina
Listed by the National Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute (IPHAN), Lençóis is considered the gateway to Chapada Diamantina.
This is because the place has an excellent hotel infrastructure, with more than two thousand beds, high-level restaurants and regular flights. Over the years, the municipality has been gaining cosmopolitan airs, with residents from the four corners of the world.
The main attractions are: the 19th century houses, the history and culture inherited from the mining, the Serra do Sincorá and the natural attractions easily accessible throughout its surroundings. In 2019, the city was elected the best national tourist destination, according to an online survey of more than 25,000 people.
The city also concentrates the largest number of tourism agencies, which organise tours throughout the Chapada Diamantina. In the cultural agenda of the destination we highlight: São João and the Lençóis Festival.
2. Vale do Capão
The small village in the municipality of Palmeiras is another acclaimed destination in Chapada Diamantina. Its preserved nature has attracted, in recent decades, thousands of people interested in the development of an alternative and ecological culture.
The village is home to naturalists, massage therapists, shamanic practitioners, artists and locals who know plants for medicinal and culinary purposes.
Vale do Capão attracts visitors from all over the world, all year round, for long and short holidays. In addition to the traditional ecotourism tours that the place offers, it is possible to taste delicious local recipes, such as jackfruit palm pastel and wholemeal pizza, as well as options for vegetarians and vegans.
From there you can access some of the most famous places in Chapada Diamantina, such as Vale do Pati, Cachoeira da Fumaça and Morrão. Among the cultural events that draw the most attention are: the Jazz Festival, which brings together shows by renowned instrumental music artists.
Abundant in attractions, the municipality is in the central region of the National Park. The historic centre of the city is marked by preserved 19th century houses. Andaraí has many waterways, including four of the ten largest waterfalls in the region: Cristais, with 110 metres, Herculano and Samuel, with 100 metres, and Ramalho, which has 90 metres.
The location of Andaraí is strategic and gives access to several natural attractions in the surroundings, such as Mucugê, Ibicoara, Nova Redenção and Itaetê. Still within the municipality, there are highlights for the village of Igatu – which is an excellent choice for São João -, the Marimbus Pantanal, the pools of the Roncador River, in addition to the various waterfalls and caves.
Surrounded by mountains and waterfalls, Ibicioara is located in the south of the National Park and at an altitude of 1,100 metres. The municipality has been gaining space in national tourism, with emphasis on the Municipal Natural Park of Espalhado, a Conservation Unit 30 km from the headquarters and home to the famous and majestic Cachoeira do Buracão.
From the municipality you can also access the Fumacinha Waterfall, which belongs to Mucugê. Especially for fans of adventure sports, the tip is the waterfalls of Licuri and Rio Preto. There you can practise abseiling, cascading, climbing and trekking.
There, it is also worth getting to know the artisanal production of cachaça. The agricultural culture is also famous in the municipality, with emphasis on organic and biodynamic coffee, internationally recognised for its quality.
We talked about this charming village above, but it is worth a special mention. The place is a district of Andaraí and is built on a rocky mountain that opens onto the valley of the Paraguaçu River. There are two accesses: by BA 142, 14.1 km from Andaraí and which passes through a stone road, or by Mucugê, which is 22.1 km and on an unpaved road.
With six waterfalls around it, Igatu has a river bath and fantastic views. In sports, the destination stands out in the practice of climbing and bouldering. In the calendar of events, we call attention to São João, São Sebastião and the Igatu Music Festival.
Mucugê has its architectural and landscape complex, formed by colonial houses and buildings that mimic the rocks, listed by IPHAN and IPAC in the 1980s. The city is built on the edge of the Serra do Sincorá, is surrounded by mountains and has an average temperature of 19 ° C.
One of the most accessible attractions is the Byzantine cemetery, on the banks of BA 142 and composed of church-shaped deposits, all painted white, which refers to the neo-Gothic architectural style of the mid-18th century.
The main attraction of the municipality is the Mucugê Municipal Natural Park, where the Sempre-Viva Park and the Garimpo Vivo museum are located. Cultural attractions include the São João festivities, the Chorinho and Vozes da Chapada festivals, and the Mucugê Literary Fair (Fligê).
7. Morro do Chapéu
The municipality is full of tourist attractions. With a historical tradition, the municipality has two philharmonics: Minerva, founded in 1906 by Dias Coelho – the first black colonel in Bahia – and Lira Morrense, from 1984. Its entire extension is rich in natural beauty: there are waterfalls, caves, breathtaking historical and archaeological sites, as well as a climate with an average annual temperature of 20 ° C, reaching 8 ° C degrees in winter periods, between April and August.
A place that has the shape of a hat and gives its name to the municipality, Morrão is the highest point in the region – with about 1,300m of altitude.
To get there, just follow the BA-144 motorway. From the highest part of the rock you have a magnificent and wide view of the whole region, with cataventos of some wind power plants that give an extra charm to the landscape. A quick and unmissable walk. If you have a sunny day, the tip is to go to watch the sunset.
Among the waterfalls, we highlight Ferro Doido, the closest and most easily accessible, which is about 18 km from the city centre, Agreste, with two waterfalls, and Domingos Lopes. Both are waterfalls of the river Jacuípe.
The municipality is also famous for its caves, such as Igrejinha, Cristal and Boa Esperança. The most famous of them is Brejões, which is about 163 km from the city centre, which can take 2h30 of travel. The walk is heavy and the accompaniment of a local guide is indispensable.
Morro do Chapéu holds the second largest cave mouth in Brazil, with more than 110m high and almost 8 km long already mapped. It is an important paleontological and archaeological site, and is also visited by pilgrims for its religious connotation.
8. Vila do Ventura
If you go to Morro do Chapéu, be sure to go to Vila do Ventura. The village has an architectural heritage from the mining era, which today illustrates the heyday and decline of economic activity in the region.
From there, it is possible to visit, for example, the Cachoeira do Ventura (6 km walk), Barriguda – a place for bathing that has a tree with the same name -, and the burrows of Figura and Pepino, which belong to the archaeological site Cidades das Pedras, an area of large sandstone outcrops, with curious shapes and a beautiful set of cave paintings.
The main cities and towns of the Chapada Diamantina region