Parque Nacional da Serra da Capivara

Serra da Capivara National Park is home to the largest collection of cave paintings ever found in the world, spread over 129,140 hectares.

The Serra da Capivara National Park, declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco, was created to preserve one of the world’s greatest archaeological treasures – thousands of prehistoric inscriptions up to 12,000 years old carved into rock walls.

The paintings depict aspects of everyday life, rites and ceremonies of the region’s ancient inhabitants, as well as figures of animals, some of which are now extinct.

During the excavations carried out in Serra da Capivara, researchers found tools, the remains of ceramic utensils and burials.

Research into the discoveries made in the area has led archaeologists to believe that man inhabited the American continent more than 30,000 years ago, contrary to the theories most widely accepted by scientists.

The cave paintings and objects found can be seen at some of the archaeological sites open to visitors, among the more than 500 in the park.

Serra da Capivara National Park, located in the southeast of Piauí, is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world, known for its impressive rock paintings and stunning landscapes.

Detailed guide to the Serra da Capivara National Park


  • The park is situated near the town of São Raimundo Nonato, approximately 520 km from Teresina, the capital of Piauí.

Attractions and Highlights:

Archaeological Heritage:

  • Rock Paintings: The park boasts the highest concentration of rock paintings in the Americas, with thousands of figures dating back up to 50,000 years. These paintings depict scenes of hunting, dancing, rituals, and daily activities of the ancient inhabitants of the region.
  • Archaeological Sites: There are hundreds of archaeological sites in the park, where prehistoric artifacts have been found, providing detailed insights into the lives of the first peoples of South America.


  • Museum of American Man: Located in São Raimundo Nonato, this museum displays archaeological findings from the park and offers detailed information about the region’s prehistory.
  • Sérgio Motta Cultural Center: A space dedicated to culture and archaeological research, with exhibitions and educational activities.

Geological Formations:

  • Boqueirão da Pedra Furada: One of the most famous sites in the park, known for its impressive rock formations and high concentration of rock paintings.
  • Trails and Lookouts: The park has several trails leading to lookouts with panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes and unique rock formations.


  • Fauna: The park’s fauna includes various species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and insects. Endangered species also find refuge here.
  • Flora: The vegetation is typical of the Caatinga biome, with a variety of plants adapted to the semi-arid climate.


  • Guided Trails: There are several trails in the park with varying levels of difficulty. Guided hikes are recommended to gain a deeper understanding of the park’s archaeological and natural significance.
  • Wildlife and Flora Observation: Ideal for nature lovers, the park offers unique opportunities to observe the local biodiversity.
  • Photography: The spectacular landscapes and rock paintings make the park a must-visit destination for photographers.

Visitor Information:

  • Access: The park has basic infrastructure for visitors, including visitor centers, rest areas, and restrooms. It is advisable to bring water, snacks, sunscreen, and appropriate clothing for hiking.
  • Local Guides: It is highly recommended to use local guides to explore the park, as they provide valuable knowledge about the area’s history, archaeology, and ecology.
  • Accommodation: São Raimundo Nonato offers lodging options ranging from simple guesthouses to more comfortable hotels. There are also dining options in the town.


Serra da Capivara National Park is a fascinating destination that offers a unique combination of archaeological heritage, natural beauty, and biodiversity.

Whether you are an amateur archaeologist, a nature enthusiast, or someone interested in the history of the first inhabitants of South America, the park provides an enriching and unforgettable experience.

Visiting this park is essential for anyone wanting to explore the historical and natural treasures of Piauí.