Fernando de Noronha Archipelago

The Fernando de Noronha Archipelago is very photogenic in terms of its geographical features, marine fauna, beaches, history and the diversity of colours in the waters, and whether on land or at sea, the scenes captured on the islets are postcard-worthy.

Geography of the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago

The Fernando de Noronha archipelago, recognised as an ecological sanctuary, is located 500 km off the coast of Recife and is made up of 21 islands and islets, including Fernando de Noronha (15 km²), Rata, do Lucena, do Meio, Rasa, de S. José, Cuscus and Cabeluda, which are home to various animal and plant species, some of which are in the process of extinction.

It is also made up of volcanic rocks, rugged on the coasts, as well as smaller rocks, occupying a total area of 26 square kilometres, with a mild climate and fertile soil.

The archipelago is very close to Rio Grande do Norte, and the closest place there is an island you can’t miss: Noronha – with 3,500 inhabitants and an extensive environmental protection area.

There are 21 islands in the Fernando de Noronha archipelago, but only this one can be visited by tourists.

Tourism in the Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha

The Fernando de Noronha Archipelago is one of Brazil’s most spectacular destinations, known for its paradisiacal beaches, rich marine biodiversity and stunning landscapes.

Located in the Atlantic Ocean, some 545 kilometres off the north-east coast of Brazil, this archipelago is a true paradise for lovers of nature and outdoor activities.

Main Tourist Attractions and Activities

  • Sancho Bay: Often rated as one of the best beaches in the world, Sancho Bay offers crystal clear waters, cliffs covered in vegetation and a rich marine life. It is ideal for snorkelling and diving.
  • Praia do Leão: Known for its golden sands and turquoise waters, it is a great place to spot sea turtles and enjoy the tranquillity.
  • Cacimba do Padre Beach: Famous for its waves, it is a popular meeting point for surfers. The view of the Dois Irmãos, two iconic hills, is unmissable.
  • Fernando de Noronha is considered one of the best diving spots in the world, with clear waters and an incredible diversity of marine life, including turtles, dolphins, sharks and rays.
  • Batismo Diving: For beginners, there are options for diving accompanied by instructors, known as ‘baptism’.
  • Scuba Diving: For certified divers, there are several fascinating dive sites around the islands.
Trails and Hiking
  • Trilha do Atalaia: One of the most popular trails, it leads to natural pools with shallow waters, ideal for observing fish and corals.
  • Capim-Açu Trail: A more challenging trail that offers panoramic views and the chance to explore caves and rock formations.
Wildlife Observation
  • Project Tamar: A sea turtle conservation project that offers guided tours and opportunities to learn about the preservation of the species.
  • Dolphins: Dolphin Bay is a place where visitors can observe spinner dolphins in their natural habitat. Early morning visits are recommended for sightings.
Boat Trips
  • Various operators offer boat trips around the archipelago, providing a unique perspective of the islands and the opportunity to swim in remote and isolated areas.

Practical Information

Environmental Preservation Fee
  • To visit Fernando de Noronha, it is necessary to pay an environmental preservation fee, calculated per day of stay. This helps to finance the conservation of the archipelago.
National Marine Park
  • In addition to the preservation fee, there is a specific fee for access to the areas of the National Marine Park, which covers most of the beaches and trails. The ticket is valid for up to 10 days.
Access and Transport
  • Access to the archipelago is by plane, with regular flights from Recife and Natal.
  • Within the main island, getting around is done by buggies, taxis, bicycles and limited public transport.


  • Fernando de Noronha offers a variety of accommodation options, from simple inns to luxury hotels. Booking in advance is recommended, especially during the high season.
  • The local cuisine is based on fresh seafood. Restaurants such as Restaurante do Zé Maria and Varanda are known for their delicious dishes and spectacular views.


Fernando de Noronha is an unforgettable destination that combines natural beauty, exciting activities and an atmosphere of environmental preservation.

Whether exploring the paradisiacal beaches, snorkelling in the crystal-clear waters or hiking along scenic trails, visitors are guaranteed to have a unique and enriching experience.

With its commitment to sustainability and conservation, Noronha continues to be a shining example of ecological tourism in Brazil.