Sertão e Seridó

The sertão and seridó of Rio Grande do Norte surprises with the beauty of the semi-arid landscape and the rich culture of this area, reachable without difficulty by car from Natal.

The Seridó of Rio Grande do Norte is an important natural region of the semi-arid Northeast, featuring with particular importance alongside regions that make up the dry region in the Northeast.

The Seridó of Rio Grande do Norte has quite specific physical-climatic aspects:

  • The climate is very hot and semi-arid, with an average rainfall of 550 mm/year, but characterised by a regiment of scarcity and uneven distribution of rainfall, but with an average insolation of 3,000 hours of sunlight per year combined with average temperatures always above 22°C.
  • The predominant vegetation is low, cacti, spaced shrubs with permeating weeds and weedy patches.
  • The soils are largely stony, characterised by shallow depths and quite sensitive to erosion.
  • The contribution of the above factors entails limited agricultural suitability and it is difficult to find wide and continuous strips of arable land.

The region has 28 municipalities spread over three homogeneous zones, namely Caicó, Currais Novos and the Central Mountains, occupying a total area of 12,965.3 km².

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