Serra Talhada is known as the capital of xaxado and where Lampião was born


The name of the city Serra Talhada in the hinterland of Pernambuco comes from the great mountain range that rises to the north and ends abruptly, in a dry cut – a butcher’s shop.

The municipality of Serra Talhada, located 430 kilometers from Recife on the BR-232 highway, proudly cultivates references to Virgulino Ferreira da Silva, the mythical Lampião, who was born there in 1898.

Not by chance, its greatest attraction is the place where the cangaceiro came into the world. Serra Talhada is also known as the capital of xaxado, a dance that Virgulino helped to spread (although he did not invent it).

On weekends you can watch the rehearsals of the various groups that play and dance the rhythm in the city.


Pasagem das Pedras is the place where Lampião was born, 45 kilometers from the city, was transformed into a museum in 2001 and gathers photos, weapons and objects that belonged to the “King of Cangaço”.

Meet the house where Lampião, the king of the cangaço, was raised:

The arrival at the Pasagem das Pedras site is the place where Lampião was born is adventurous, by poorly signposted road, full of hills and stones, crossed by goats, cows and hawks. To ensure that the journey is not in vain, it is advisable to confirm by telephone whether the place will be open.

Even better is to ask a member of the association that maintains the museum – an informal organization created by Anildomá Willians de Souza, a scholar of Virgulino’s life.

In February 2007, a sort of branch of the Cangaço Museum was opened in the center (Rua Cel. Cornélio Soares, 254).

Access via the São Miguel farm, Virgulino Ferreira da Silva road, 45 kilometers from the center (6 on dirt road).


To the sound of the triangle, the zabumba, the accordion and the pandeiro, the favorite dance of Virgulino Ferreira da Silva, the cangaceiro Lampião, can be appreciated in Serra Talhada in presentations during the June festivals, religious or in the rehearsals of xaxado groups, on Saturdays afternoon, with about an hour of duration.

The Cabras de Lampião and Maria Bonita groups rehearse at the Methódio de Godoy Lima State School (Rua Manuel Antonio de Souza, 735, São Cristovão).

The oldest in town, Manuel Martins, can be seen at the Serra Talhada Teacher Training College (av. Afonso Magalhães, 380, Centro) and Cangaceiros de Vila Bela , at the Antônio Timóteo College (rua Antônio Timóteo, s/n, Bom Jesus).

Information about groups and rehearsals are obtained at the Serra Talhada House of Culture Foundation (praҫa Sérgio Magalhães, 868, Center).


From 6 am to 10 am, the town’s market serves breakfast at collective counters, spread over several kiosks (choose the ones where you see the most customers).

A good option is the bolinho de caco, a kind of sweet and doughy mini-pancake made from corn. After 10 o’clock, it’s time for lunch: galinha capoeira (the free-range chicken of the sertão), baião de bode, red rice and carne-seca with macaxeira.

At kiosk 26, you’ll find recipes that are a departure from the local cuisine, such as roast beef, lasagna and grilled chicken. At all stands, help yourself to chili, flour, water and coffee. Rua Dep. Afranio Godoy, s/n.

History of the cangaço is told in Museu do Cangaço in Serra Talhada.

It has more than a hundred photographs, objects and documents that refer to the guerrillas of the sertão.
Maintained by the Cabras de Lampião Cultural Foundation, the Museum is located at Estação do Forró.

Tourism and Travel Guide of Serra Talhada PE

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