Tourist attractions and history of Piauí

Revoada dos Guarás no Delta do Parnaíba - Piauí
Flock of Guarás in the Parnaíba Delta – Piauí

Piauí adds up to singularities. It is the only northeastern state whose capital, Teresina, is not bathed by the sea.

But contrary to what happened in the rest of the Northeast, its territory began to be occupied by the hinterland.

The state of Piauí has, in fact, the smallest coastline in the region – 66 kilometers.

The colonization of Piauí (“river of piaus”, in Tupi, a reference to an abundant fish in the state) was due to the action of explorers who, in the 17th century, left Bahia and Pernambuco in search of new pastures.

The city of Oeiras bears witness to this period.

Other towns sprang up, and the river Parnaíba, the second largest in the Northeast, was the link between them, helping to prosper present-day cities such as Floriano, Amarante and Teresina, capital from 1852.

The Parnaíba, affectionately known as the Old Monk, rises in the Serra das Mangabeiras, on the border with Tocantins and Bahia, and continues for 1480 kilometers until it reaches the Atlantic.

The point at which it flows forms the Parnaíba delta, the largest in the Americas and one of the most interesting stretches of the Brazilian coastline. The hot, arid lands of the Piauí hinterland hold magnificent surprises, such as the rock formation of the Sete Cidades National Park and the glistening walls of the Serra das Confusões National Park.

The greatest gem, however, is the set of rock inscriptions located in the Serra da Capivara National Park, declared a cultural heritage of humanity by Unesco in 1991.

The friendly Teresina is one of the gateways to the attractions of Piauí.

Tourist Map of Piauí
Tourist Map of Piauí

The access by Petrolina, in Pernambuco, is indicated to go to São Raimundo Nonato, support point for visitors of the Serra da Capivara and Serra das Confusões. It can also be reached via the Parnaíba delta.

Videos “Tourist spots of Piauí”




In any season, if the idea is to know the Parnaíba delta. From December to March there is more offer of boat trips.
Between December and May, to go to the parks of Serra da Capivara, Sete Cidades and Confusões, covered with green. However, the trails are more difficult.
From May to November, to get to know the drought, when the caatinga loses its leaves and the local fauna is better observed.

Tourism and Travel Guide for Piauí and the North-East

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